För första gången översteg antalet människor på flykt 60 miljoner under 2015, enligt FN:s flyktingorgan UNHCR. Enligt tidningen The Economist är det nu fler flyktingar i världen än under andra världskriget. Det är inte bara till Europa de flyr. I Thailand kommer flyktingarna från Kambodja och Burma, i Colombia kommer de från Ecuador, i Dominikanska Republiken kommer de från Haiti, i Libanon från krigets Syrien etc.
For the first time, the number of people in flight exceeded 60 million in 2015, according to the UN: s Refugee Organization UNHCR. According to The Economist, there are now more refugees in the world than during World War II. It’s not just to Europe they are flying. In Thailand, refugees come from Cambodia and Burma, in Colombia they come from Ecuador, in the Dominican Republic they come from Haiti, in Lebanon from the Syrian war, etc.
This year’s Nobel Prize laureate in Economics is Richard Thaler. Like the majority of former recipients of this award, he is American – and man. He receives the award for ”incorporating psychologically realistic assumptions into economic decision making and exploring the consequences of limited rationality, social preferences and lack of self-control”. He is thus representative of the relatively new area of behavioral economics, emphasizing that the classical economic theory, which relies on the premise that economic decisions are made by completely rational persons with complete information, does not hold. Thaler receives the award because he has shown that the individuals (or company’s) actual decisions are influenced by a number of psychological factors that are not taken into account in classical economic theory.